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The Roots of Religion: Genevieve Von Petzinger at TEDxVictoria

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A PhD student in Anthropology at the University of Victoria, Genevieve Von Petzinger's main area of interest is understanding the geometric imagery of European Ice Age rock art and how we can use this type of behavior to identify cognitive and symbolic evolution in modern humans. Her work was featured on the cover of New Scientist in 2010 and Science Illustrated in 2011, and she has also appeared on the Discovery Channel's popular program Daily Planet. http://tedxvictoria.com http://fellows.ted.com/profiles/genevieve-von-petzinger In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)
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Text Comments (1328)
theorist 10 (4 hours ago)
Jedi is the most legit religion ; Cause it knows it's based on fantasy
Worth Doss (10 hours ago)
I want my money back i am a man and I dont have much body hair and cant grow a beard. NOT A HAPPY customer!!!!
bpunlife (2 days ago)
Susette Santiago (3 days ago)
Why don't they talk about the Neanderthal and how it has set humanity back by 10000 years...there were advanced civilizations in Africa, Indus Valley, China, some of Americas....it's obvious...
Bow Bot (4 days ago)
Communists have been running your schools, media governments and churches for a century now? everything you have been taught is a lie. the whole Christian world is now calling you out as time is near up for your life. This darkness is going to be defeated by Christ and his followers.
Andrew Ludlam (5 days ago)
Have you noticed that most gods are male even though half the population is female you also have the story of Adam and Eve, Eve of course made by god from a bone from Adam, This suggests that man made gods in his image, ?.
Worth Doss (10 hours ago)
That is because men wrote/dreamed up god and history not women.
Don Bailey (11 days ago)
Your assumption is that your doctine of evolution is reality, which it can be said just as eazy that its not , religion is belief With out proof. You believe in evolution yet you cannot prove a bolt of lightning hit a chemical soup just right so Previously nonliving matter contains life , its an act of faith on your atheist part. Secular humanism therefore is your religion , Agnostics dont believe in GOD the way i dont believe in abortion. Atheist are against GOD the way i am against abortion. You come off as a compleat atheist, and your preaching your Gospel, i am against you and everything you believe and stand for, and i want my country back.
Abe Narayan (14 days ago)
Conjecture, Conjecture.
cc360 (17 days ago)
Religon is not needed to believe in God. It is merely a way to join with others to reach God. You can reach God by thinking about God. You will meet God when you die regardless of your religion or lack their of. If God created you, you will see him again. Happy believing.
Open-minded Skeptic (19 days ago)
"Campfire stories"
Allan Hotti (22 days ago)
God(s) exist as an idea in the mind of man, whether it, she,he exists outside the brain of man may be irrelevant. Man can only conceive of a god with human qualities and behaviors because man is aware of only human or life-form qualities. Fiction writers are gifted at adding imaginary qualities to their characters. We actually know nothing of God. We only know what ideas we have and what emotions we feel. Now a sizable majority of humans have a religion and I suppose most have some idea of a God. Because God is so ubiquitous in the minds of humans, it seems logical that God and religion serve a useful perhaps even necessary function in survival. Some have postulated a adaptive process in the evolution of the brain. Or perhaps the usefulness of the idea of a God is tied to some other identified brain process. The placebo effect is an identified and established brain process. In essence, if a person has faith that something or someone will help relieve suffering (e.g. pain) , the person actually experiences relief. If a person similarly believes that something will do harm, they will experience bad feelings. (Nocebo effect) Placebo and nocebo are scientifically well documented. One might speculate that a god redeemer and savior or a god enforcer would work via a placebo, nocebo mechanism. Certainly a god savior (father-leader) would have aided primitive man endure and plod on despite, adversity and uncertainty not dealt with by living fathers or leaders. Modern man would not be immune to this benefit. Religion persists for other reasons because it works, it seems to have had social benefits, aiding groups, tribes communities function and be successful by proselytizing moralities to counter excess individual greed that disrupts group cohesion. God the enforcer helps in this endeavor. Because God has such feel good effects , perhaps the six billion or so believers will ensure God’s existence for some time, hopefully useful moralities will continue as well. Each of the hundreds of religions is an experiment of nature, the most useful for survival will be decided in time. Just some thoughts, perhaps with some truths in it, yet to be established.
wayne montgomery (2 hours ago)
which all goes back to.... in the beginning man created god in his own image
Worth Doss (10 hours ago)
Witch not which?? Just asking just in case there is a hidden meaning and implying she may be a witch.
drummerglenchin (1 month ago)
You would have to be a total moron to believe that the complexity of life, chemistry, mathematics, geometry, sacred geometry, and the universe itself happened accidentally. The mathematical chances of all of that coming together to create just the little bit we have discovered in the known universe...all by themselves is immeasurable... Literally. THINK, people!
drummerglenchin (1 month ago)
So, if anyone would care to listen, she is saying that she and others are making things up and telling people “that’s how it happened”... Totally disregarding the historical and archaeological record and their proof of the validity of religion. And she makes a living doing this! LOL. People, stop following and start studying and thinking for yourselves...
Joseph Moody (1 month ago)
It takes a much greater leap of faith to think that existence was a cosmic accident than to believe some greater intelligence initiated it.
Robert Diggins (1 month ago)
2nd talk by this cave art specialist and still no mention of WHAT WE NOW KNOW ARE PLASMA DISCHARGE FORMATIONS! Stop with the Uniformitarian and try to use those lobes to imagine early people may have seen and experienced something different in the sky. World-wide. The underlying forms of myth creation could be real experience and observation.
Largesse1000 (1 month ago)
What a bunch of pathetic cringeworthy comments here. I suggest some of you arrogant tossers read some Jonathan Haidt. Maybe you learn something, and stop being Dawkins' sheep. Pathetic.
Tuan Jim (1 month ago)
lol beware the secular zealots down in the comments. The League of Smarty Pants is here in full force. Here to push their own chosen brand of dogma. EDIT: I'm not what you'd call "religious" (at least not in any conventional sense of that very loaded term), I just think it's funny how so many supposedly science-minded people talk and behave like religious zealots or close-minded cult members. Look up the word "dogma" and have a long, hard think.
shekarman (1 month ago)
Elephants also consider death as an event to grieve. And I bet other animals do too. I find this kind of interpretation tautological -- any explanation will fit the evidence so I am going to fit my pet theory -- of human centric perspective. This same type of analysis is used to study non European cultures -- and colonize them. Further, I really don't see the value of diluting such complicated subjects in 15 minute discussions -- no question/answer section, no context, little background.
Truth Seeker (1 month ago)
Gee, do you think the world would be better off if we all followed the 10 commandments?
Pearl Tears4u (1 month ago)
SINGING is the only time your hole BRAIN lights up....that's why music is so important to most people hallelujah means.... PRAISE JAH YOU PEOPLE
shady shane (1 month ago)
chimps sound like first year engineering apprentices
Free Press (2 months ago)
Zero sum. Zzzzzzzzzzzzz. Let’s all move ahead and drop the pretense of religion.
naya (2 months ago)
44 But Alma said unto him: Thou hast had signs enough; will ye tempt your God? Will ye say, Show unto me a sign, when ye have the testimony of all these thy brethren, and also all the holy prophets? The scriptures are laid before thee, yea, and all things denote there is a God; yea, even the earth, and all things that are upon the face of it, yea, and its motion, yea, and also all the planets which move in their regular form do witness that there is a Supreme Creator.
Sunil Nair (2 months ago)
She has long hairs. I don't expect intelligent talks. ROFL just a theory. ROFL 😂😂😂
1Skeptik1 (2 months ago)
Religion (the GOD business) is an $82 Billion a year enterprise in the USA alone. So long as profitable, it will be with us.
Hammett175 (2 months ago)
Jesus is God. The Catholic Faith is true. Be not deceived.
Michael Boylan (2 months ago)
The Roots of Religion,,,in 19 minutes,,,by a PhD student,,,using only Ice Age rock art, Incroyable, Adieu Durkheim, I know a 12 year old who can explain the Origins of Language in 5 minutes using only a matchbox and a ball of string; I just love these Ted Talk comedy shows
michael spencer (2 months ago)
Fascinating reaearch but starting with the assumption that reality is free of any religion affects the conclusions you arrive it. I dont see anything in the thoughts presented that precludes the existence of a God. The fact that humans are the only species capable of conceiving of a God suggests to some that there might be a reason for that. The fact thar your brain can believe in God doesnt mean theres no God any more,than the "Clinton cell" disproves the existence of Bill Clinton.
Patrick Pawol (2 months ago)
The human race almost went extinct 60,000 years ago. Was this the time of Noah? Genographic Project-Journey of Man.
Chimp Chowder (2 months ago)
Primative man was created by the creator when he said " let use create man in our own likeness-" but Adam was created by the Creator's own hands. All had a inkling of the idea of God. But when it came to Adam and Eve, they actually spent time with him in his presence on Earth. That leads to the history of the Jews. Pretty well done speech.
Chimp Chowder (2 months ago)
Well, according to the history book it wasn't untill Adam and Eve came on the seen that mankind began to be more than just Hunter gatherers. The book says there was no man to till the earth. But I think we know there were other peoples on the Earth. It says the sons of Adam and Eve had 2 sons who married and moved away BEFORE Eve bore any daughters! These were the "sons of God" who saw that the daughters of men were beautiful and they took of them all they wanted. And their offspring became mighty men. Men of renoun. As far as animal men? Many people's depict personalities or spirits they deem good to be. Still just a speculation.
MyJudgedread (1 month ago)
And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters: Genesis 5:4 KJV
Nyarlathotep Flagg (2 months ago)
3 points, just here from the start: 1. 6 billion ARE NOT RELIGIOUS. It's more like 3.5-4.5 billion. And either way, it is just an estimate. 2. How many were religious at any given time during out stages of evolution - That is not established. 3. Religious impulse? WTF! Yes we have an impulse to find something to believe in, something to cling to. But that never had to be religion. Some believe in a political system, some believe in advancing mankind through scientific exploration, some hold personal beliefs, and some are truly religious. But FAR, FAAAR from all are religious. And the impulse to find a reason to get up in the morning, is not the impulse to follow a religion! That is just an unfortunately common consequence.
Nyarlathotep Flagg (2 months ago)
Thank you! Although the odd typo does seem to leave it a tad questionable. But I will leave it as is this time.
Keyboard runner (2 months ago)
You comment is on point.
Tiago Goncalves (2 months ago)
We are not religious, religion is man made, the corruption of human spirituality. The root of all organized religions is astrology, all are astrotheological, as above so below. Nothing more natural to the ancients to start to study the stars even 20 thousand years ago..by the time the ice age ended in a catastrophy gobekli tepe was already build, so we know we had astronomers 14,13 thousand years ago..the ancients didn't separete science from spirituality, they saw in the stars a way to learn the cicles of nature, beaultiful knowledge that was the base for agriculture, navigation, calendars, geometry and.. religious texts and myths, astrology is the key.
William Pope III (2 months ago)
Is it just me, or is she kinda Super Hot??
luke 3:17 (2 months ago)
My god comes in a bottle with a cork and the more I prey the more bad things I do????
busyhive (2 months ago)
There should only be one religion , that of caring for your fellow human. It’s called Humanity , try it !
Grapho Man UK (2 months ago)
Sharon Stone lives
Kim Espen Stokka (2 months ago)
Its all because of hallucinogens. They started to us hallucinogens such as DMT and pslyosibine.
A. D. Erdei (2 months ago)
There was not a time, when we did not have any religion.
bob connor (3 months ago)
Oh ya she’s an expert in cave walls. Great! Enlighten us with your guessing
Keyboard runner (2 months ago)
So which god do you pray to?
bob connor (3 months ago)
Useless speech!
pb80tm (3 months ago)
religion, religio, religature, re ligature, bond back. by sin Adam was unbound from God. religion is connected back with God. Cicero's variant re legere= re read. Like Bible says God is The Word. re reading The Word mean connecting back with God. either variants drive to same meaning religion is action which take back to God. so i think the term religion even on old form isn't older then latin language. the term occur after Christianity raise up so i think the term is related to Jesus Christ. btw He came here to bound back to God and i think before that (b.c) people hadn't a religion, rather had a ritual, set of actions to worship things. So modern world and actual science misconduct us even in term interpretation like religion. now we call pagan religion, hindi religion, muslim religion, budha religion, shinto religion and all kind of "religions". that is wrong, those are rituals. only thing we can call religion is Christianity, before wasn't any kind of religion.
Keyboard runner (1 month ago)
+pb80tm Okay, even if we agree that "religion" only describes christianity, do you think that this makes christianity somehow true or more right than other ideas of deities?
pb80tm (1 month ago)
​+Keyboard runner1) religion is a determinist word so meaning of that kind thing can't exist before what trigger that thing. and this is existence of Christ. like existence of islam was trigger by existence of some pearson named mohamet. 2) wher is my own definition where islam is some kind of religion? i state clearly the only religion is Christianity those others are rituals or pseudospiritual- socialized habits, if i may say so. we can't know what was a term that define a ritual in the past. that makes history not a science but a opinion. so like some wise guy said we can't be more than what we study in university and in university we had that teachers, who taught us , what they teach from their teachers. and most of that things passed to us, are frustration and own misunderstandings. what most of people doesn't understand is religion is not a scientific matter is a believe. like we don't have a unit for religion and can't measure that, what is the point to discuss from a atheist pow or scientific one about religion? if we encounter an alien with other sense then seen, hear and so on and they can telepath, what our science will said? is no such sense?? that discussion is between the people who belief the God exist and people who belief the God doesn't exist. but both belief. no one proves.
Keyboard runner (2 months ago)
1) just because a word appeared later, that doesn't mean is doesn't fit earlier things. 2) Islam came AFTER Christianity and is therefor a religion by your very own definition.
Stephane Alegoria (3 months ago)
Religion OR spirituality, not "AND". Cannot connect with the message of the speaker. It is not about God it is about sacrality and death transcendence . God is just the need to transcend the symbol of a leader, very necessary in those precarious time where protection by a superior authority was key for survival.
Tom Maj (3 months ago)
The history of the emergence of clothing, tool use, the progression from hunter-gathering to agriculture, tribes, cities, states and empires in Africa and the Near East is fascinatingly illustrated in the narrative of the Bible.
Frank DeFelice (3 months ago)
The rishis of Ancient India experienced God, or as they called it the "Self". The ego does not really exist, since if the body dies, the ego dies as well. If we talk about reality, that which lasts forever, then God does exist by definition. We are part of spirit, then we as spirit exist forever. There is only One spirit.
Azzrudin Jamil (3 months ago)
Religion are there to keep some of us in check since we human, most of us tend to be the worst species of all.
Keyboard runner (2 months ago)
And in many of us religion brings forth the worst.
wayne DIOR (3 months ago)
man invented religions. God isn't a religion...hes a man.
rickster348 (4 months ago)
- aren't we beginning to see what a world without religion look's like right now?
Patrick Karlsen (4 months ago)
No clear answer, just asumption.
Dean Deković (4 months ago)
We can assume having a permanent cave back then was life saving. Basically someone in the past started building his sacred safe place/portal outside a cave. We call them churches, mosques etc places where people gather and feel safe.
Ronald Stimphil (4 months ago)
This is an interesting TEDx talk. The speaker alienates at least 95% of her audience from the start. I am part of the 95%, and I stopped watching as soon as she affirmed that there was a time when there was NO religion. She made this sweeping statement that is not supported by facts nor written history. There is no known record of a universal absence of religion in our world at any time of the human existence. She just made it up, and she wants to prove the very fake fact that she made up. Remarkable!!!
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
What about the time before modern humans existed? No language --> no religion.
Stanzi Curtis (4 months ago)
religion is a product of ignorance
Diego Gonzalez (2 months ago)
+Keyboard runner mostly fear
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
And fear
Soreofhing (4 months ago)
Nobody is born believing in a god.
Fathil Ismail (4 months ago)
Humans are descended from apes. We know this to be true because many humans have superior intellect and less hair. It is clear that physical strength & prowess in swinging from trees was becoming redundant when we stopped fighting and invented the automobile, so we dispensed with these skills. This is called natural selection.
Michah Himmelman (3 months ago)
Monkeys have bigger stronger fingers, that happened after we invented the keyboard. You know, it was important for humans to be abe to hit single keys. Duh!
William Good (4 months ago)
Ultimately mankind worships only himself. -Sir Richard Burton, British Anthropologist. To me this seems at least partially true and I also believe that religion will eventually disappear altogether when man has progressed beyond the last vestiges of primitive thought. Maybe this is why religion is failing in advanced societies today. We are already advancing.
Adventures with Frodo (4 months ago)
Good and bad.
erikbarrett85 (4 months ago)
It would look like this at WORST, would look better at best
Steve Fortuna (4 months ago)
Religion is the reaction of a self-aware organism to the knowledge that we are powerless to extend our lives and that we all die. Most people have egos that resent the knowledge of mortality, ergo they strive to create "importance" or "meaning" of the limited time available. To be the product and instrument of some invisible all-powerful creative force has immense gratification, pushing the temporal limits of life into the eternal. This is man's attempt at living forever. It's a notion based on envy, fear, denial, self-aggrandizement, collectivism. A self-actualized person will say "I don't need to exist eternally, my life is finite, I accept that'. Ergo, no ego boost to putting your intellect on a shelf and grabbing at myth to fill the hole in your life. I have no problem with not existing before my birth or after my death. I love the idea that RIGHT NOW is all that exists and my life in total is a series of RIGHT NOWs. I'm happy knowing that my talents, my experiences, my ideals, my NOWS in total are all the god I will ever need.
cc360 (18 hours ago)
I believe in Jesus Christ as our saviour, I repent for my sins as I make them, and I have forgiven all who have hurt me, and others on earth. If you read the bible with malice in your heart you will not understand the bible. Gods words fall upon deaf ears. I pray you find Jesus, repent, and forgive. You have free will. Randomness can not choose. That's how we know God exsists. Choice is only an option for conciousness. Conciousness did not evolve from protoplasma. Science is a methodology which tries to explain the physical world. Science says nothing "banged" into everything. I'll repeat. Science believes nothing = everything. Sounds like a religion if you ask me. So if nothing makes a sound, everyone can hear it? I pray for your souls that you find Jesus Christ as your saviour, repent your sins, forgive you fellow humans transgressions and move forward with love in your heart. God bless and good luck.
Brian Lau (20 days ago)
+Kabadjangan Panaytayon However, how is our universe is ordered along the laws of mathematics? If there is no creator, how is this so? Math is such a powerful tool in that in relates and describes everything in the universe.
mrsuperpatg (22 days ago)
+Aaron Heaton your projecting a ton
The world is insane (27 days ago)
+Aaron Heaton "I find comfort in God's forgiveness" This line enplanes it, its the fact you find comfort in gods forgiveness (existence). This is what gives you comfort OK that's up to you but it does not validate the reality of gods existence. The belief and or faith in something without some evidence based in our reality does not validate its existence, its just a belief. The more outrageous the belief like the supernatural / god will require real tangible factual proof to be recognized as real, unless the person has a reason such as it provides them comfort but that just makes the belief based on emotion not fact. Or the believer lacks the mental ability to recognize the difference between real and unreal and lets his / her emotion over ride reality thus believes in the unreal. The point is this god delusion is a silly very old belief based on imagination and belief in what clearly does not exist. Its a silly first attempt explanation to our existence, its time we humans moved on from it.
Swami Anupamanand (4 months ago)
The way of her delivering the talk seemed really boring to me (my apologies) at the same time informative too.
Jason Rees (5 months ago)
I think religion is how we compartmentalize death. Anyone ???
Sa'ir (5 months ago)
Has any scientist ever thought that maybe they put their belongings in the burials because it just was the dead's stuff? No spiritual reason attatched, just a primitive form of waste managment.
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
"maybe they put their belongings in the burials because it just was the dead's stuff" Maybe.... "just a primitive form of waste managment." definitely not. Because in almost all cases the burial items are from high quality and value.
Jerry Robitaille (5 months ago)
The roots of religion started when man figured out how to sell lies to people, and because it worked and they made money it continues to this day even though....science.
Augustine Hourigan (1 month ago)
Gabriel Sorzano (5 months ago)
Religion seems to be several people united trying to find an explanation for our life on earth, this need to find the power that is responsible for us seems to be universal , it can only be hidden by studying years and being deathly afraid of finding it. The original problem is still scientifically unsolved, Jesus has answers that will continue bettering the world.
ARIA ARIAN (5 months ago)
Anthropology was stablished as a faculty for ONLY one purpose, to study and analyze the OTHERS, WHICH MEANS, NON EUROPEANS! A Eurocentric discipline!
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
So what?
theresbob (5 months ago)
Shaman I understand. However, making the leap from an animal adorned figure is a large leap. Any serious hunter would, sooner or later, realize camouflage/wearing the dead skins would allow the hunter to move closer to the intended prey for greater success.
mikitz (5 months ago)
There are also people who have seen through all this and realized it's all about the communion. The question is: are Atheists the next step in development or an anomaly?
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
"are Atheists the next step in development or an anomaly?" Definitely the next step. Because for the very first time in human history we are able to actually answer our questions with hard facts instead of fairy-tales. Atheism is just the reaction to an unsupported claim.
davisx2002 (5 months ago)
She thinks she is John Lennon...
Michah Himmelman (3 months ago)
that guitar in the background as well...
RingofRae RoR (5 months ago)
whatever... there is no way you can see what is really going on as long as you keep on grabbing holding hard to your little branch lady...
ArmageddonApologetics (5 months ago)
God is real!
Michah Himmelman (3 months ago)
God is proof.
Lawrence Stanley (5 months ago)
Nope. Absolutely wrong. As a theologian, I can tell you that the roots of religion begin with "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." And all false religion began with the perversions of Nimrod and Semiramis.
Lawrence Stanley (2 months ago)
You said: *"because its actions should leave traces..."* Yeah, His actions and interactions are most certainly seen in the natural world, and I've already stated this, go re-read my posts. You said: *"Why should i believe what the biblie says?"* I've already answered this. Again, go re-read my posts. You said: *"What are the arguments from ultimate causality?"* Wow, you aren't reading anything I write, are you? You said: *"wich in no way correlates with the common use of the word."* I don't care about the "common use of the word," my concern is what the word actually means as derived from the original language, I don't care how people misuse it.
Diego Gonzalez (2 months ago)
+Lawrence Stanley yes, i expect that a supernatural entity should be detectable when it acts on the natural world, because its actions should leave traces, and those traces are detectable, and would become the evidence of the supernatural. and if what you are suggesting is that such a being is completely undetectable, then why should anyone believe on it? Why should i believe what the biblie says? What are the arguments from ultimate causality? The use on greek of the word is irrelevant, because the only relevan thing is how the word is being used, as it is not the first time that a theist says ''i dont need evidence, i have faith'' wich in no way correlates with the common use of the word.
Lawrence Stanley (2 months ago)
You said: *"i do have evidence that my whife exists, i can weight her i can measure her, i can see her , i can touch her..."* Are you saying that you expect that a supernatural entity is given over to detection by means that are entirely physical? If you want PHYSICAL evidence of God's existence, then all you need to do is to consult history and examine the life of Jesus. Other than that, the only scientific/physical evidences that you will have today are evidences of ultimate causality. You said: *"many christians claim that they dont need evidence"* They don't need evidence for what? They don't need evidence to believe, or they don't need evidence to have confidence in their submission to God? Evidences alone (like all of the evidence for the Exodus that are quite literally written in stone for instance) will never sway someone from a position of unbelief to submit themselves to God, well, they aren't designed for that purpose anyway, but what they do is to strengthen the resolve and confidence of believers, but a confident believer does not need to further strengthen his confidence to believe. The word in English has several different uses, so the confusion can be excused if one's first language is English, but a study of the Greek in the New Testament clears the issue up.
Diego Gonzalez (2 months ago)
+Lawrence Stanley i do have evidence that my whife exists, i can weight her i can measure her, i can _see her_ , i can touch her... the problem is that when you say that you have faith in god you are not using the definition that you propose, because many christians claim that they dont need evidence, because they have faith, wich makes the definition of faith applied to god very different from the coloquially used, since in your definition of faith you say that you have faith in something thanks to evidence, _the problem is that the god claim is lacking just that_ and generally the people that use faith to demonstrate the existence of god, use it in substitution of evidence.
Lawrence Stanley (2 months ago)
OK, you still don't know what faith is; I blame public education; no one studies Latin or Greek anymore... let me explain it to you by way of analogy... If you are married... 1) Do you "have faith in your wife," as in, you have faith that she exists without having any evidence? No, you know she exists, after all, she’s your wife… 2) Do you "have faith in your wife" in that you have an intellectual acknowledgement of her existence? No, you know she exists, and because she is your wife, your relationship is much more than a mere intellectual acknowledgement of her existence… 3) Or do you "have faith in your wife" in that her existence is self-evident, having been proven by many evidences to you, and you put trust in her because you know who she is? Our English word "faith" comes from the Latin word "fides," and it means “reliability, confidence, loyalty, assurance.” It is a sense of trust between two parties that is built upon evidences that prove that reliability. Fides is always reciprocal and mutual, and it implies both privileges and responsibilities on both sides. The New Testament authors used the Greek word πιστις (pistis) for faith. This word means a conviction of the truth of anything.
uncleanunicorn (5 months ago)
Some discoveries of Neanderthal tombs show the presence of flowers sprinkled over graves , we can infer some sort of metaphysical belief from that.
chessbruno (5 months ago)
She is cute!!! And smart!!! Great combo!
Lynn McKenna (5 months ago)
I disagree with one of the first statements she makes. She says that people in the world are fighting about spirituality and religion. They are not fighting about spirituality- they are fighting about religion.
Michah Himmelman (3 months ago)
She's politically correct or maybe she doesn't know the difference.
Mike Cope (5 months ago)
The old Eurocentric schtick. We only became, you know, *us* when we stopped being Africans...
Max Dashu (5 months ago)
Shaman term does not come from Russia! it is from the Tungusic speakers of Siberia, NE Asia!
animist channel (3 months ago)
The Tunguska region, and Siberia in general, is IN Russia. It is a place.
George Roberts (5 months ago)
As to God vs. science: The debate is moot. It's been established that their are high spin mono-atomic elements with the body producing photons, room temperature super conductivity. These produce the well known effect of super-conductivity of resistance-less transmission of energy. This also works for conscious energy. Hence: psychic phenomenon and spirituality have a basis in physics/science. Hence: the dichotomy is resolved in that both are true. Some have more natural capability than others. Hence: all the excuse making for both sides is a moot point to the realities of actual physics. The universe is what it is whether we comprehend or not.
Keyboard runner (4 months ago)
What have you smoked? "high spin mono-atomic elements with the body producing photons, room temperature super conductivity" " _conscious_ energy"??
Paul mccarten (5 months ago)
All the world is a stage & official history is a fabrication.
Fletch F. Fletch (5 months ago)
She ends her talk entitled "The Roots of Religion" by asking if relatively modern humans are capable of conceiving of religion, then why wouldn't people from 40,000 years ago have been able to. This rhetoric tells me nothing about the roots of religion, and I'm sorry that I wasted time listening to it.
chuck denton (5 months ago)
THE LIARS want you to believe the violence is about religion but it is about CONTROL FREAKS WHO WANT COLLECTIVE CONTROL.
lpatrasco (5 months ago)
Boring speaker jumps all over without backing up her own opinions
Pat Brennan (5 months ago)
imagine how advanced we would be if religion was never created. ''i can dream can't i''?
Euphemia Adamson (4 months ago)
Cue for a song...?
Hossein Ghanaati (5 months ago)
such a waste of time
AW Crowe (5 months ago)
isn't speculation fun...
southsidesky (5 months ago)
the basic assumptions she makes are wrong. chimps DO use the the same rocks over and over to crack nuts. capuchin monkeys have used the same sites with depressions in the rocks and the same anvil rocks for generations to crack nuts. and the anvil rocks are not from the immediate area, so the monkeys brought the rocks to that area for a purpose. she makes assumptions about what is going on in animal brains and hominid brains that can not be deduced from their behaviors. maybe the painter made his/her art after ingesting some funky plant. ideas like the 'god spot' in the brain are conceived by people who are going to come to a certain conclusion, regardless of the facts.
God's Community (5 months ago)
Kendall Gibson (5 months ago)
1,000th comment
Anuja Churi (6 months ago)
D oldest(carbon dating) text- the Rig Ved has a commencing hym that says- "Where does all this creation comes from; what is all this creation; Only She in the heaven knows! Or may be even She doesn't". Rig Veda not just allows for, but as well 'exercises' a doubt even on the omniscience of the creator!
Brandon Davidson (6 months ago)
Why is the recording quality of this video so bad, the audio is fuzzy and it blares.
Donna Holloman (6 months ago)
The Lou headed human statue is representative of the shamanic practice of blending with the power animal. The spears in the hunted prey was the gameplan before the hunt similar to football teams planning a play.
Artemis Fowl (6 months ago)
No, but birds do! For a bunch of people who think they are so smart, you really aren't. Expand your study. Birds absolutely use abstract concepts. The only thing that separates humans from all other species is speech and the ability to record speech. E.g. the written word. The god spot is also the same part of the brain that's activated when on drugs. The brain of someone praying is no different than the brain of someone high on drugs. The time period she is speaking of is also called the grandmother .. uh..I just went blank.... it's the first time in known history where grandmothers lived to educate the young. The bison pics aren't magic. It's education. Any child who experienced hunters safety course remembers pictures that exactly mimic cave painting showing exactly where to shoot the animal to take it down fast, efficiently and without pain. They are exactly the same. Expand your knowledge. This is why ancients were mire efficient. They didn't limit themselves to "experts" in an area. Because when you do that "expert" only knows what is specific to their field of study. Not all information. Artists were surgeons. Architects were farmers. Anyone who said they knew how to do something was listened to and given an opportunity to prove themselves. No matter their education, age or profession. Today if someone says hey, you should maybe consider this the first response is where is your degree? Do you have a degree? It's ridiculous. Modern society is making a business out of higher education without providing the education. School is supposed to teach one how to think. Not what to think. I like where this girl is going but she's making many assumptions without evidence to back it up. There is no evidence that buying people with objects was sanctified or spiritual. Maybe these children were healthy until they wore the beads then became ill. Therefore believing the beads caused the death they buried them too. Fact is, we just don't know. Just because we may bury someone with a cross for religious reasons doesn't mean they buried with beads for the same religious reasons. Maybe these people were the bread makers. Again we do not know. Stop projecting modern views onto ancient peoples.
wwwonderful (6 months ago)
just another tooth-fairy mystic. Gods are nonsense
aaagggmmmsss (6 months ago)
Speculation ?
Fulca (6 months ago)
Still believe the out of Africa theory?
JOhkonut (6 months ago)
MY. EARS. Good talk, though.
Galaxis (6 months ago)
This is so fascinating that we can learn so much about early humans, that our real history, though unwritten, is so ancient and to consider what this tells us about how we think and what it means to be human... and so disappointing that a large majority of humanity because their religion just says 'nope' just denies that any of this is real, that we have any connection to these people. They refuse to know how humans actually developed into what we are because they think it conflicts with their precious story, ignoring of course that every culture that came before them did the same thing.
PaddySnuffles (6 months ago)
Neanderthals used symbolic jewelry and buried their dead too, though (and anyone not of 100% African ancestry is between 1-4% Neanderthal).
lempira1421 (7 months ago)
This kind of talk shows she is clueless about religions and always with the western thought man can we first learned about world religions and their claims I say that from the beginning the first man came with religion and it was monotheistic if she studied she would see that so if genetics is right that we came out of East Africa And science can't prove or disproved the existence of God
Respati Dwi (7 months ago)
I often do marathon watching TED videos and forget to like the video, I am sorry :(

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